It is evident that the year 2020 has been a turning point in the way we relate to our environment. The new global pandemic has revolutionized our way of inhabiting the spacesboth in the private and community. Issues such as the functionality of the dwellings, the hygienic requirements in the shops or the use of public space has undergone a major shake-up; to which is added a change in the dynamics of local councils, macro-corporations and large investment funds, which are the entities that are used to shape our cities.
If we add the rise of teleworking, the growing concern for the environmental situation and the reluctance of citizens to make a major expenditure because of the incipient economic crisis, it is not surprising that the world of architecture is beginning to reflect this change of paradigm. These are some of the trends that are starting to feel in this year 2021, which begins:
Many of us have experienced a revolution in the use of our housing because of the successive confinements: now, our house has to be, also, and among other things, our office, our gym and our day care. This fact is affecting how we raise the interior layout of our home: on the one hand it requires a great space more flexible and multipurpose (as opposed to the current living room) and on the other is leading to the emergence of new specific parts, which are exclusively dedicated to work and study.
In addition, the new tendencies aim to kitchens, larger and better-equipped to recover your vocation of central space of the home; and to spaces bathroom more luxurious and relaxing. The tones and bright spaces also again be present, for the purpose of more time spent at home, which will lead to a rethinking of the quality of the enclosures to allow larger glazing.
Conversion of commerce in home
A long time ago that the growing demand for affordable housing in big cities is leading real estate developers and small business owners to seek out opportunities in the most unexpected places. Now that many businesses on the street are closing because of the restrictions, the local trade is a bet very profitable to build new soil, living in areas that have previously been prohibitive. It is expected that in the near future, let’s see new homes located in the ground floor, especially in areas where the tissue business is not consolidated.
This trend is also playing to other larger scale: in the united States, for example, many shopping centers in disuse are being converted into blocks of social housing, and hotels have been forced to close because of the close sustained are also perfect for this purpose, in so much that they are equipped to do this. In addition, with the significant increase of online shopping, the big brands are less cost-effective investment in stores in urban centres, which could alleviate short-term housing shortage and the price.
New design parameters for shared spaces
In his time, the occurrence of various pests and plagues led to important changes in the urban fabric, from the presence of sewer to paved public road, passing through the paths and width of the streets in a city. In the same way, it is hoped that the current pandemicwith its regimes of social distance, limit capacity and preference for the space airy, leave your mark on the way in which architects think the spaces.
It is still too early to determine the real impact that the current situation will have on the design, but most of the changes will be related to the separation between people. Surely will be affected by issues such as the internal distribution of bars and restaurants, the density of offices or spaces for co-working, or the amplitude of the lobbies of commercial premises, both to control the capacity as the sanitary conditions of the visitors. The technology integrated into the architecture could also undergo changes, either from the point of view of hygiene (higher flow rate of ventilation ducts and the presence of spaces disinfection) or functional (implementation of digital systems in offices to facilitate remote work).
Building sustainable and passive house
Building green is still fashionable. For reasons both ecological and economic, new home buyers value much more positive investment in sustainable buildingsand not in vain: the weather systems liabilities and the energy qualifications high are translated to the long-in a significant saving. To make a house energy efficient you must take into account the orientation, the ratio of the volumes, the choice of materials and the quality of the enclosures.
We are also promoting green solutions to urban level: from an increase in projects with green façades, both in residential and public, to a greater presence of roads and pedestrian and bike lanes. In addition to considerably reduce the pollution, this type of solutions also promote tourism, the quality of public space and the health of the citizens.
Not all trends of this year come motivated by the pandemic: the rise of home automation (the incorporation of technology in the design of the housing to improve the domestic life) is a trend that continues to rise, both for the fact that we now spend far more time at home as because your conscious use is a reduction of energy consumption and contributes to the environment.
The intelligent systems of today offer us air conditioning of quality, programmable remote; control of the amount and intensity of the lighting in each of the spaces; security and video surveillance systems permanent and, of course, a complete connection to the network, which implies the possibility of managing our home since our ever-present mobile phones.
5 trends that will define the architecture in 2021